Region : Imereti

Municipality : Chiatura

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Chiatura  located inland Chiatura plateau and the narrow valley of the Qvirila river, at an altitude of 340-500 meters, Gomi-Sachkhere-Zestafoni road. 220 km away from Tbilisi (railway). Chiatura has a humid sea subtropical climate, knows cold winter and relatively dry, hot summer. The average temperature is + 13%, + 2% in January, + 23% in July, -20 absolute minimum, absolute maximum +42. 1100 mm precipitation of  year.

Every town has its own history,arising and development of Chiatura was totally based on rich manganese bed. But as archeological researches had proved areas around Chiatura,as main part of upper imereti has been settled since ancient  times.Scientists analyzed caves,existed in the canyons of river Kvirila and River Jruchula :”cave of wolf”,” dzudzuana rock” and etc.

There are manu hisrorical and architechtural monuments in the Region of  Chiatura,which proots that population of this Georgian area took active part in torming material and spiritual culture of the whole Georgian nation.Among  these monuments several are unigue; especially interesting is column of Katcki.One can see huge 40sm,high column and to conguer this column is possible only for alpinists.

In the Fast of Chiatura,on the right side of River Kvirila, through the rocks,is situated an important monument of 13 th centuru,nunneru of Mgvimevi. The village of Katskhi  is the site  of a tenth century church with six apses,in close vicinity to the unique pillar of Katskhi. 

The citadel of Sveri,also hewn in rock,is surrounded by a natural balcony and a stone balustrade.According to Vakhushti Bagrationi,it was built in the ninth century.The Didveli fortress and church,still intact in the village of Bzhinevi,and the fortress of Zedubani,date back to the Middle Ages. St.George’ s Chruch at Dargveti dates from the eleventh century, while the churches in Rganisi   and Perevisi were constructed in the eleventh,twelfth and thirteenth centuries respectively.

Some artifacts have been found in the canyon of the Chruchuli River,a short way from Chiatura,that date approximately from the 60-70 millenia BC. Remnants of the world”s oldest iron-melting furnace,bits of iron and slag have been excavated near the village of Navardzeti: they bear testimony to the fact shat Geogians had been using manganese alloys long before our era to produce metal of superior quality.

Manganese deposits in Chiatura were first discovered  in 1846 by  Akademician  H. Abikh.who had a high opinion of their value. 

Chiatura region besides manganese ore is rich with quartz sand,which comes out on the aurface by powerful steps and is easily cultivated. 

In Chiatura,the first ropeway was built in 1900 and the first cableway in 1948.There were 17 cableways for the passengers and 21 ropeways for manganese,and the whole length of them had been 30 kilometers.

The three part moving cableway in the center of town is really unique.It connects the higt mountainous part with the center of town.



4 must-see places in Chiatura
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Category : sightseeings

4 must-see places in Chiatura

1.  Katskhi pillar: 

The height of the Katskhi pillar is 40 meters. Two small size churches are located at the top of the pillar (nowadays they are preserved as ruins). 

Until recently it was impossible to climb Katskhi pillar, without climbing equipment. Since 2007, with the help of the Cultural Heritage Protection and Rescue Fund, the rehabilitation works of the two pillars has begun.

Nowadays all visitors can climb the Katskhi pillar.

2.   Katskhi Monastery:

The monastery was built at the beginning of XI century. Its main part was built in the years 1010-1014. The building is surrounded by a five-pointed fence. The monastery has an ancient bell tower that also functions as a gateway. Katskhi monastery is one of the most distinctive and original monuments of Georgian architecture. The architectural monument of similar forms cannot be found anywhere else.

The building consists of three-facet staircase sections: the path around the monastery, the main building of the monastery and the dome. 

3.    Sveri Castle:

The Sveri Castle is a medieval castle that is preserved in ruins. The date of the construction of the Sveri Castle is considered to be VI-VII centuries. According to historical written sources, Sveri Castle already existed during the invasion of Marvan II (Murvan-Kru in Georgian). It is noteworthy that the latter failed to take it.

4.   Ropeway:

Chiatura's old ropeway is the subject of interest among tourists. The ropeway wagon is made of iron. It has existed in Chiatura from the Soviet period.